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Kitab At-Tawhid From Sahih Al-Bukhari | Minbar Al-Tawhid

Kitâb At-Tawhîd from Sahîh al-Bukhârî


Chapter 1

What has been reported concerning the Prophet (SAW) inviting his nation to the Tawhîd of Allâh, the Blessed and Exalted


1. Abû ‘Asim narrated to us; Zakariyah bin Is`hâq narrated to us; from Yahya ibn ‘Abdullâh bin Sayfî; from Abû Ma‘bad; from ibn ‘Abbâs (RAA) that

The Prophet (SAW) sent Mu‘âdh to Yemen

2. ‘Abdullâh bin Abû al-Aswad narrated to me; Al-Fadl bin al-‘Alâ’ narrated to us; Ismâ‘îl bin Umayyah narrated to us; from Yahya bin ‘Abdullâh as-Sayfî; that he heard Abû Ma‘bad, the free-slave of ibn ‘Abbâs saying; I heard ibn ‘Abbâs (RAA)say,

When the Prophet (SAW) sent Mu‘âdh to the inhabitants of Yemen he said to him, ‘you are going to a nation from amongst the People of the Book so let the first thing that you call them to be the Tawhîd of Allâh [in that they single Him out Alone for worship]. If they learn this then inform them that Allâh has obligated five prayers upon them to be prayed during the day and night. If they pray then inform them that Allâh has obligated upon them the giving of Zakâh from their wealth and property, it is to be taken from the rich and given to the poor. If they accept this then take it from them but avoid the best and most beloved property of the people.

3. Muhammad bin Bashshâr narrated to us; Ghundar narrated to us; Shu‘bah narrated to us; from Abû Hasîn and Al-Ash‘ath bin Sulaym; that they heard al-Aswad bin Hilâl [say]; from Mu‘âdh bin Jabal (RA) who said that the Prophet (SAW) said,

“O Mu‘âdh! Do you know what the right of Allâh upon the servants is?”
I replied, ‘Allâh and His Messenger know best.’
He said, “that they worship Him [Alone] and not associate any partners with Him. Do you know what their [legislated] right is upon Allâh, [if they do this]?”
I replied, ‘Allâh and His Messenger know best.’
He said, “that He not punish them.”

4. Ismâ‘îl narrated to us; Mâlik bin ‘Abdur-Rahmân bin ‘Abdullâh bin ‘Abdur-Rahmân bin Abû Sa‘sa‘a narrated to me; from his father; from Abû Sa‘îd al-Khudrî (RA) that

A person heard another person reciting, ‘Say: He is Allâh the One’ [to the end of the sûrah in prayer] and repeating it over and over. The next morning the man went to the Prophet (SAW) and mentioned this to him – it was as if this person did not regard the recitation of just this sûrah alone as a great feat. The Messenger of Allâh (SAW) said, “by the One in Whose Hand is my soul it is equivalent to one third of the Qur’ân.”

Ismâ‘îl bin Ja‘far added to this; from Mâlik bin ‘Abdur-Rahmân; from his father; from Abû Sa‘îd (RA); my brother Qatâdah bin Nu‘mân (RA) informed me; from the Prophet (SAW).

5. Ahmad bin Sâlih narrated to us; ibn Wahb narrated to us; ‘Amr narrated to us; from ibn Abû Hilâl; that Abû ar-Rijâl Muhammad bin ‘Abdur-Rahmân narrated to him; from his mother, ‘Amrah bint ‘Abdur-Rahmân – who used to be in the room of ‘A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet (SAW); from ‘A’ishah (RAH) that,

The Prophet (SAW) sent a man amongst a military expedition and he used to lead his compatriots in prayer, each time concluding his recitation by [reciting], ‘Say: He is Allâh the One’ [to the end of the sûrah]. When they returned they mentioned this to the Prophet (SAW) upon which he said, “ask him why he did this.” So they asked him and he replied, ‘because it [contains] the description of the All-Merciful and I love to recite it.’ [Upon hearing this] the Prophet (SAW) said, “inform him that Allâh Loves him.”

Chapter 2

The Saying of Allâh, the Blessed and Exalted,

«Invoke Allâh or invoke The All-Merciful, whichever Name you invoke, to Him belong the most beautiful and perfect Names.» [al-Isrâ’ (17): 110]


6. Muhammad bin Salâm narrated to us; Abû Mu‘âwiyah informed us; from al-A‘mash; from Zayd bin Wahb and Abû Dhabyân; from Jarîr bin ‘Abdullâh (RA) who said that the Messenger of Allâh (SAW) said,

Allâh does not show mercy to those who do not show mercy to mankind.

7. Abû Nu‘mân narrated to us; Hammâd bin Zayd narrated to us; from ‘Asim al-Ahwal; from Abû ‘Uthmân an-Nahdî; from Usâmah bin Zayd (RA) who said,

We were in the presence of the Prophet (SAW) when there came to him a messenger from one of his daughters asking him to visit her son who was in the throes of death. The Prophet (SAW) said to him, “return and inform her that to Allâh belongs what He takes and what He gives. Everything has an appointed time [determined] by Him so enjoin her to be patient and to hope for Allâh’s reward [for her patience].” She sent the messenger again this time swearing that he should come to her. The Prophet (SAW) stood as did Sa‘d bin ‘Ubâdah and Mu‘âdh bin Jabal [and they went to her]. The child was brought to him, the sound of his breathing was ragged as if it were in a dry water-skin. Upon seeing this the Prophets’ eyes filled with tears. Sa‘d asked him, ‘what is this O Messenger of Allâh?’ He replied, “this is mercy that Allâh places in the hearts of His servants. Indeed Allâh only shows mercy to his merciful servants.”

Chapter 3

The Saying of Allâh, the Exalted,

«Truly Allâh, He is the Provider, the Possessor of great Strength, the Sure.» [adh-Dhâriyât (51): 58]


8. ‘Abdân narrated to us; from Abû Hamzah; from al-A‘mash; from Sa‘îd bin Jubair; from Abû ‘Abdur-Rahmân as-Sulamî; from Abû Mûsâ al-Ash‘arî (RA) who said that the Prophet (SAW) said,

There is no one who is more patient than Allâh upon hearing insulting and blasphemous words. They claim that He has a son yet despite this He grants them health and sustenance.

Chapter 4

The saying of Allâh, the Exalted,

«[He is the] Knower of the Unseen and He divulge His [knowledge of the] Unseen to anyone» [al-Jinn (72): 26]

«Indeed the knowledge of the Hour is with Allâh Alone.» [Luqmân (31): 34]

«He sent it [the Qur’ân] down with His Knowledge» [an-Nisâ’ (4:166)]

«Nor does a female conceive or give birth except with His Knowledge.» [Fussilat (41):47]

«To Him belongs the knowledge of the Hour.» [Fussilat (41):47]

Yahyâ [ibn Ziyâd al-Farâ’] said,

‘[He is] adh-Dhâhir, knowing everything [outwardly] and al-Bâtin, knowing everything [inwardly].’


9. Khâlid bin Makhlad narrated to us; Sulaymân bin Bilâl narrated to us; ‘Abdullâh bin Dînâr narrated to me; from ibn ‘Umar (RAA)that the Prophet (SAW) said,

The Keys of the Unseen are five and none knows them save Allâh: none knows what the womb carries except for Allâh, none knows what is to occur tomorrow except for Allâh; none knows when the rain will come except for Allâh; no soul knows at which place it will die except for Allâh; and none knows when the Hour will occur except for Allâh.

10. Muhammad bin Yûsuf narrated to us; Sufyân narrated to us; from Ismâ‘îl; from ash-Sha‘bî; from Masrûq; from ‘A’ishah (RAH) that she said,

Whosoever informs you that Muhammad (SAW) saw his Lord has lied for He is the One Who says,«eyesight cannot perceive Him» [al-An‘âm (6): 103]. Whosoever informs you that he knows the Unseen has lied for He is the One Who tells us that none knows the unseen except for Allâh.

Chapter 5

The saying of Allâh, the Exalted,

«the Perfect Peace, the Trustworthy» [al-Hashr (59): 23]


11. Ahmad bin Yûnus narrated to us; Zuhayr narrated to us; Mughîrah narrated to us; Shaqîq bin Salmah narrated to us; ‘Abdullâh (RA) said,

We used to pray behind the Prophet (SAW) and used to say [during the prayer], ‘peace be upon Allâh.’ The Prophet (SAW) said, [do not say this for] indeed Allâh is the Perfect Peace, instead say: all words denoting peace and sovereignty are due to Allâh as are all prayers and pure words. Peace be on you O Prophet and also the mercy of Allâh and His blessings. Peace be on us and on the righteous slaves of Allâh. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except for Allâh and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.”

Chapter 6

The saying of Allâh,

«the King of Mankind» [an-Nâs (114): 2]

[Included in this chapter] is the hadîth of ibn ‘Umar from the Prophet (SAW) [Which the author mentions in the chapter 19 – Trans.]


12. Ahmad bin Sâlih narrated to us; ibn Wahb narrated to us; Yûnus informed me; from ibn Shihâb; from Sa‘îd, who is ibn al-Mûsâyyab; from Abû Hurayrah (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said,

On the Day of Resurrection Allâh will hold the earth and fold the heaven with His Right Hand. Then He will say: I am the King, where are the kings [who reigned] on the earth?
[Shu‘ayb, az-Zubaydî, ibn Mûsâfir and Is`hâq bin Yahyâ [said]: from az-Zuhrî; from Abû Salamah [; from Sa‘îd]]

Chapter 7

The saying of Allâh, the Exalted,

«He is the Almighty, the All-Wise» [Ibrâhîm (14):4]

«Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Might, free from what they ascribe to Him» [as-Sâffât (38):180]

«But to Allâh and His Messenger belongs (all) might» [al-Munâfiqûn (63): 8]

And whosoever swears by the might of Allâh and His Attributes.

Anas said: The Prophet (SAW) said, “Hellfire will say: enough! Enough by Your Might!”

Abû Hurayrah reports from the Prophet (SAW) [that he said], “a man will remain [standing] between Paradise and the Fire, and he is the last of the inhabitants of the Fire to enter Paradise. He will say, ‘my Lord! Turn my face away from the Fire. By Your Might I will not ask you for anything else besides this.’”

Abû Sa‘îd said that the Messenger of Allâh (SAW) said, “Allâh, the Mighty and Magnificent says: to you is that and the likes of it ten times over.”

[The Prophet] Ayyûb said, “by Your Might! I can never dispense of Your blessings.”


13. Abû Ma‘mar narrated to us; ‘Abdu-l-Wârith narrated to us; Husain al-Mu‘allim narrated to us; ‘Abdullâh bin Buraydah narrated to me; from Yahyâ bin Ya‘mur; from ibn ‘Abbâs (RAA) that the Prophet (SAW) used to say,

I take refuge with Your Might, there is none worthy of worship besides You, the One Who does not die whereas the Jinn and Man die.

14. Abû al-Aswad narrated to us; Haramî narrated to us; Shu‘bah narrated to us; from Qatâdah; from Anas (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said,

[The People] will be thrown in the Fire.

(H) Khalîfah said to me; Yazîd bin Zurai‘ narrated to us; Sa‘îd narrated to us; from Qatâdah; from Anas (H) From Mu‘tamir; I heard my father [saying]; from Qatâdah; from Anas that the Prophet (SAW) said,

The people will continue to be thrown into [the Fire] and it will keep saying, ‘is there any more’ until the Lord of the Universe will place His Foot in it such that some of it will close in on the rest. Then it will say, ‘enough! Enough by Your Might and Honour!’ Paradise will remain having room to accommodate more people until Allâh will bring forth a creation and make them to dwell in the excess space.

Chapter 8

The saying of Allâh, the Exalted,

«He is the One Who created the heavens and the earth in truth» [al-An‘âm (6): 73]


15. Qabîsah narrated to us; Sufyân narrated to us; from ibn Juraij; from Sulaymân; from Tâwûs; from ibn ‘Abbâs (RAA) that,

The Prophet (SAW) used to supplicate at night saying, “O Allâh! To You belongs all praise. You are the Lord of the heavens and the earth, to You belongs all praise. You are the Maintainer and Creator of the heavens and the earth and whosoever is in them. To You belongs all praise, You are the Light of the heavens and the earth. Your saying is the truth, Your promise is the truth, the meeting with You is the truth, Paradise is true, Hellfire is true and the Hour is true. O Allâh! To You I have submitted, in You I have believed, upon You do I rely, to You I repent, with You I stand against all opposition and to You I go for judgement so forgive me all that I have done in the past, what I will do in the future, what I have kept secret and what I have openly shown. You are my god, there is none worthy of worship except for You.”

Thâbit bin Muhammad narrated to us; Sufyân narrated to us this hadîth [with the additional wording],

“You are the truth and Your saying is the truth.”

Chapter 9

«Allâh is ever All-Hearing, All-Seeing» [an-Nisâ’ (4): 134]

al-A‘mash said; from Tamîm; from ‘Urwah; from ‘A’ishah that she said, ‘all praise is due to Allâh Whose Hearing hears all voices.’ Allâh, the Exalted, then revealed to the Prophet (SAW), «Allâh has heard the saying of she who disputes with you concerning her husband» [al-Mujâdilah (58): 1]


16. Sulaymân bin Harb narrated to us; Hammâd bin Zayd narrated to us; from Ayyûb; from Abû ‘Uthmân; from Abû Mûsâ who said,

We were with the Prophet (SAW) on a journey. When we alighted a high place we would say the takbîr [loudly]. He said, “be gentle to yourselves and do not go to such measures for you are not calling upon One Who is deaf or absent. Indeed you are calling upon One Who is All-Hearing, All-Seeing and close.” Then he came to me while I was saying, ‘there is no movement or power except with Allâh’ within myself. He said, “O ‘Abdullâh bin Qais! Say: there is no movement or power except with Allâh for it is a treasure from amongst the treasures of Paradise.” Or he said, “shall I guide you to [a treasure from amongst the treasures of Paradise].”

17. Yahyâ bin Sulaymân narrated to us; ibn Wahb narrated to us; ‘Amr bin Yazîd informed me; from Abû al-Khayr that he heard ‘Abdullâh bin ‘Amr saying that

Abû Bakr as-Siddîq asked the Prophet (SAW), ‘O Messenger of Allâh, teach me a supplication that I may say in my prayer.’ He said, ‘say: O Allâh I have wronged myself greatly and none forgives sins save You, so forgive me with Your forgiveness. Indeed You are the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’

18. ‘Abdullâh bin Yûsuf narrated to us; Ibn Wahb informed us; Yûnus informed me; from ibn Shihâb; ‘Urwah narrated to me; that ‘آ’ishah (RA) narrated to him that the Prophet (SAW) said,

Indeed Jibrîl (AS) called to me saying, ‘Allâh has heard the saying of your people and their response to you.’

CHAPTER 10

The saying of Allah, the Exalted,

"Say: He is the All-Powerful and All-Able" [al-An'am (6): 65]


19. Ibrahim bin al-Mundhir narrated to me; Ma'n bin 'Isa narrated to us; 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu al-Mawali narrated to me; I heard Muhammad bin al-Munkadir speaking to 'Abdullah bin al-Hasan saying; Jabir bin 'Abdullah as-Salami informed me that

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) used to teach his Companions to perform istikharah in all matters just as he would teach them the chapters of the Qur'an. He said,

'when any one of you intends to do something then let him perform two rak'ahs [of prayer] other than the obligatory prayer. Then say: O Allah! I seek the facilitation of good from You by Your knowledge and appeal to You by Your Power to grant me the ability to do what I desire. I ask You of Your bounty for indeed You are Able to do all and I am not, You Know all and I do not, You are the Knower of the Unseen. O Allah! If You know that this matter - then he should mention the specific matter - is good for me in this life and the Hereafter [or he said: for my religion, my daily life and my coming life] then fulfil it for me, make it easy for me and bless me in it. O Allah! If You know that this matter is evil for me in my religion, my daily life and my coming life [or he said: in this life and the Hereafter] then turn me away from it, choose good for me wherever it may be and then make me pleased with it.'

CHAPTER 11

The Turner of the Hearts and the saying of Allah, the Exalted,

"We will turn their hearts and their eyes" [al-An'am (6): 110]


20. Sa'id bin Sulayman narrated to us; from ibn al-Mubarak; from Musa bin 'Uqbah; from Salim; from 'Abdullah who said,

The most frequent oath to come from the Prophet (SAW) used to be,

"no by the One Who turns the hearts!"

CHAPTER 12

To Allah belongs one hundred Names less one.

Ibn 'Abbas said:

[From amongst them are] Dhu-l-Jalal [which means] al-'Adhim (Possessor of Greatness), al-Barr (The Bestower of Goodness), al-Latif (the Most Subtle)[ Or it could read that al-Barr means al-Lateef]


21. Abu al-Yaman narrated to us; Shu'ayb informed us; Abu az-Zinad narrated to us; from al-A'raj; from Abu Hurayrah that

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said,

"to Allah belongs ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whosoever memorises, reflects and acts upon them shall enter Paradise."

The meaning of ahsaynahu is: hafidhnahu [we preserved/memorised it]

CHAPTER 13

Asking by the Names of Allah, the Exalted and seeking refuge through them.


22. 'Abdul-'Aziz bin 'Abdullah narrated to us; Malik narrated to me; from Sa'id bin Abu Sa'id al-Maqburi; from Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet (SAW) who said,

When one of you retreats to his bed then let him dust it off three times with the edge of his garment and say, "with Your Name, my Lord, I place my side [to sleep] and with Your Name I will raise it. If You withhold my soul then forgive it and if You send it back [to its body] then preserve with that which You preserve Your righteous servants."

It was followed up by Yahya and Bishr bin al-Mufaddal; from 'Ubaidullah; from Sa'id; from Abu Hurayrah; from the Prophet (SAW).

Zuhayr, Abu Damrah and Isma'il bin Zakariyyah added [in their isnad] 'Ubaidullaah; from Sa'id; from his father; from Abu Hurayrah; from the Prophet (SAW).

It was also reported by ibn 'Ajlan; from Sa'id; from Abu Hurayrah; from the Prophet (SAW).

He was followed up by Muhammad bin 'Abdur-Rahman, ad-Darawardi and Usamah bin Hafs.


23. Muslim narrated to us; Shu'bah narrated to us; from 'Abdul-Malik; from Rib'i; from Hudhayfah that

When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) retreated to his bed he used to say: 'O Allah! With Your name I live and die.' When he awoke in the morning he used to say: 'all praise is due to Allah Who brought us to life after He caused us to die, and to Him is the Resurrection.'

24. Sa'd bin Hafs narrated to us; Shayban narrated to us; from Mansur; from Rib'i bin Hirash; from Kharasha bin al-Hurr; from Abu Dharr who said,

When the Prophet (SAW) lay down on his bed at night he said: 'With Your Name we die and live.' When he awoke he said: 'All praise is due to Allah Who brought us to life after He caused us to die and to Him is the Resurrection.'

25. Qutaybah bin Sa'id narrated to us; Jarir narrated to us; from Mansur; from Salim; from Kurayb; from ibn 'Abbas (RAA) who said,

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: 'if, when one of you wishes to go to his wife [for sexual intercourse], he says, 'O Allah! Protect us from the Shaytan and keep the Shaytan away from what You will provide us.' Then if it is decreed that they should have a child out of that act then the Shaytan will never be able to harm him.'

26. 'Abdullah bin Maslamah narrated to us; Fudayl narrated to us; from Mansur; from Ibrahim; from Hammam; from 'Adi bin Hatim who said,

I asked the Prophet (SAW), 'When I dispatch my trained [hunting] dogs, [what should I do]?' He replied, "when you dispatch your trained dogs and you mention the name of Allah, then eat what game they bring back. If you throw a hunting tool at the game thereby wounding it then eat [of it]."

27. Yusuf bin Musa narrated to us; Abu Khalid al-Ahmar narrated to us; I heard Hisham bin 'Urwah narrating from his father; from 'A'ishah who said,

The people said to the Prophet (SAW), 'O Messenger of Allah! There are a people who have just recently disavowed shirk [and come to Islam], they bring us meat but we do not know if they have mentioned the Name of Allah upon it or not.' He said, "mention the Name of Allah upon it and then eat."

It was followed up by Muhammad bin 'Abdur-Rahman, 'Abdul-'Aziz bin Muhammad and Usamah bin Hafs.

28. Hafs bin 'Umar narrated to us; Hisham narrated to us; from Qatadah; from Anas who said,

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) sacrificed two rams, mentioning [the Name of Allah] and saying the takbir.

29. Hafs bin 'Umar narrated to us; Shu'bah narrated to us; from al-Aswad bin Qais; from Jundub

That he witnessed the Prophet (SAW) praying on the Day of an-Nahr and then delivering the sermon. [During the sermon] he said, "whosoever has slaughtered before he prayed then let him slaughter another [animal] in its place and whosoever has not slaughtered then let him slaughter with the Name of Allah."

30. Abu Nu'aym narrated to us; Warqa' narrated to us; from 'Abdullah bin Dinar; from ibn 'Umar (RA) who said,

The Prophet (SAW) said, "do not take oaths by your fathers, whosoever must take an oath then let him take an oath by Allah."

CHAPTER 14

What is mentioned concerning the Essence (dhat), Qualities and Names of Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent.

Khubaib said: That is for the sake of the Essence of Allah
Therefore he mentioned the Essence in conjunction to the Exalted's Name.


31. Abu al-Yaman narrated to us; Shu'ayb informed us; from az-Zuhri; 'Amr bin Abu Sufyan bin Asid bin Jariyah ath-Thaqafi, an ally of Bani Zahra and from the companions of Abu Hurayrah; that Abu Hurayrah said,

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) dispatched ten people [to spy on the enemy] one of whom was Khubaib Al-Ansari. 'Ubaydullaah bin 'Ayad informed me that the daughter of al-Harith told him that when they gathered [to kill Khubaib after capturing him] he asked for a razor to clean his pubic hairs. When they had taken him outside the sanctuary of Mecca in order to kill him, he said,

'I do not care that I am killed due to being a Muslim,
Regardless of which side of my body strikes the fatal blow, for it is in the Way of Allah;
And that is for the sake of the Essence of Allah; and if He will,
He will bestow His Blessings upon the torn pieces of my corpse.'

Then ibn al-Harith killed him and the Prophet informed his companions of the death of those [ten men] on the very day they were killed.



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