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Magic and Fortune-Telling

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For thousands of years people have been fascinated, awed and fearful at the

unknown and mystical, being heedless of the dangers and harm that they inflict.

As Muslims it is imperative to understand these evil-filled practices and to

protect ourselves from them.

 

 

Magic

Having the power to do supernatural and seemingly impossible things is referred

to as 'magic'. It can be categorized as either sorcery, which is magic that uses

the power of evil spirits for evil purposes; or as illusionism, which is the

skill of performing tricks in which you seem to make things appear, disappear or

change, as if by magic.

 

 

Ruling

Both sorcery and illusionism are unlawful in Islam. Sorcery can only be

performed with the aid of devils whose help is attained when the performer

attributes them as partners to Allah in worship. Illusionism does not involve

polytheism, but may none-the-less lead one astray. It is a sin because it

implies an act of disobedience.

 

 

Magic is a destructive act, and therefore Islam warns against it. Believers

should avoid magic and magicians; take precautions to heed the danger they

represent and attempt to expose their false allegations. The following evidence

from the Qur'an and Sunnah has asserted this ruling.

 

 

Allah says:

 

'And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no

share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their

own selves, if they but knew.' [The Qur'an 2:102]

 

 

Abu Hurairah, radhiallahu anhu, related that 'The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa

sallam, said:

 

'Avoid seven most dangerous things.' The Companions asked: 'O

Messenger of Allah! What are these things' He, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam,

answered: 'Making anyone or any thing a partner of Allah; practicing magic;

killing a living being whose life has been declared sacred by Allah without

justification; practicing usury; misappropriating the property of an orphan;

running away from the infidels in a battle; and slandering chaste, innocent,

believing women.' (Bukhari and Muslim)

 

 

Ordained Punishment

According to Islamic law, the penalty that awaits every sorcerer is death. The

Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said:

 

'Kill every sorcerer, for this is the punishment ordained by Allah.'

 

Umar ibn al-Khattabsent messages to hisviceroys in those countries under Islamic rule ordering

them to kill all sorcerers. This was later confirmed by Uthman Ibn Affan, Hafsah Bint Umar,

Abdullah Ibn Umar, and Jundub Ibn Abdullah, radhiallahu anhum.

 

 

Fact or Fiction

An illusion has an effect on the onlookers that seemingly make things or happen

when in reality, they do not. Musa, alayhes salam, said:

 

'Nay, throw you (first)! Then behold, their ropes and their sticks, by their magic, appeared to

him as though they moved fast.' (Qur'an 20: 66).

 

 

Spells can have a genuine effect that can manipulate the body; even to the

extent that it can cause sexual impotence. It may also make the affected person

go insane, as it disturbs the emotional balance. Allah says in the Qur'an:

 

' And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man

and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's leave.' (2:102)

 

 

Breaking a Magic Spell

The best way to break a spell is by reciting assigned verses from the Qur'an and

to utter specific invocations specially worded by the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe

wa sallam. Another allowable method would be to use medicines lawfully

prescribed for the particular case under examination. What is unlawful, however

is to use magic as a means to break a spell because this is likely to be done by

the aid of devils.

 

 

Protection From Magic

Holding fast to Allah, seeking refuge with Him and putting trust in Him, can

attain protection from magic. Also, we should do what is right in the sight of

Allah, and turn away from sin. But more specifically we can recite the following

verses and sayings:

 

 

Whoever recites verse 255 of the Surah of al-Baqarah (No 2) before going to bed,

Allah sends him a keeper that protects him against the devils until he wakes up.

 

 

Recite verses 285 and 286 of the Surah of al-Baqarah.

 

Say: 'I seek refuge with Allah?s perfect words from the evil of what He has

created.'

 

 

Say the following three times: 'In the name of Allah, Whose mention is a

protection against whatsoever harm is on the Earth or in the Heavens. Verily, He

is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.'

 

 

Fortune-Telling

Fortune-telling is the belief that some people possess the ability of telling

other people what will happen to them in the future by using magical or mystical

methods. These rulings also apply to people who claim knowledge of the unseen,

such as geomancers, palmists, shell-diviners, etc.

 

 

A fortune-teller uses devils who eavesdrop in the Heavens; Allah says in the

Qur'an:

 

'Shall I inform you (O people!) Upon whom the devils) descend' They

descend on every lying, sinful person. Who lends an ear (to the devils and they

pour what they may have heard of the Unseen from the angels), and most of them

are liars.' (26:221-223)

 

 

This knowledge of what the angels may have said is then passed to the people who

are often prepared to believe what the fortune-teller says. The problem is that

what people believe is true, has been embellished or changed, omitting the

truth.

 

 

Ruling:

 

Fortune-telling is considered 'Shirk Akbar' (the major and serious form of

polytheism) for two reasons. First, it implies the acquisition of knowledge of

the Unseen, which is unique to Allah, (alone). "Say: 'None in the Heaven and the

Earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they

shall be resurrected' (Qur'an 27: 65)."

 

 

This means that any one who believes that he possesses such knowledge is

certainly claiming the acquisition of a Divine attribute that Allah (alone)

possesses. Second, it involves using devils and holding fast to them, a ritual

that can only be perfected when the performer is in complete submission to that

damned species. This is a form of polytheism.

 

 

The Danger of Attending Fortune-Telling Assemblies

 

In recent years, the number of fortune-tellers has dramatically increased, only

being outnumbered by those who attend their assemblies and believe what they are

told. Some people are fascinated and impressed by observing those who cannot

miss the opportunity to make fortunes out of imparting their fabrications.

People who attend fortune-telling assemblies are divided into three groups:

 

 

Those who go to fortune-tellers to ask them about the future without truly

believing in their falsehoods and without having the slightest intention of

disclosing their falsehood to the public. People in this group are sinful and

their prayers are not accepted for forty days.

 

 

Those who believe in the prophecies of the fortune-tellers and go to ask them

about the future. These people are regarded as disbelievers since they deny the

truthfulness of the Qur'an: ''Say: None in the Heavens and the Earth Knows the

Ghaib (Unseen) except Allah.'' (27: 65)

 

 

Those who go to fortune-tellers and only ask them in order to examine the

truthfulness of their prophecies; then disclose their deceit to the public.

These types of people publicize that fortune-tellers only offer misguidance that

can make believers go astray.

 

 

However, if someone uncertain that he is capable to take on such a task and

accomplish it perfectly, he should not attempt it. Such a weighty undertaking

could pose a risk to himself, and result in failure that may likely tempt people

even further.

 

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