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The Rights of a Muslim upon his Brother

حَقُوق أَلْمُسْلِمْ عَلَى أخِيهَ

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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرٌحْمَانِ الرٌحَيم

السلام عليكم ورحمت الله و بركاته

 

Abu Hurairah رضي الله تعالى عنه reported Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم as saying, “Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah’s Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings, when he invites you to a feast accept it, when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says:” All praise is due to Allah,” you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you) and when he fails ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier.” [Sahih Muslim]

 

We shall ان شاء الله discuss each point in detail.

 

1) Offering and Responding to Salutations:

 

The Importance of saying Salam:

 

Abu Hurairah رضي الله تعالى عنه narrated Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم as saying “By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love each other. Should I direct you to an action that would direct you to love each other? Spread the Salam amongst yourselves.” [Sunan Abu Dawud]

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالى “When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.” {Noble Qur’an 4:86}

 

Imam Ibn Kathirرحمه الله تعالى says regarding this ayah in his Tafsir, “If the Muslim greets you with the Salam, then return the greeting with a better Salam, or at least equal to the Salam that was given. Therefore, the better Salam is recommended, while returning it equally is an obligation.”

 

Saying Salam is the Way to Jannah:

 

AbdulLah ibn Salam رضي الله تعالى عنه narrates, “When RasuluLah صلى الله عليه وسلم came to Madinah the people raced out. Everybody raced out to greet the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and I was in the crowd trying to see, soaring through the crowd trying to find the face of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. I just wanted to see him.When I saw his face, I knew that this was not the face of a liar. The first thing he صلى الله عليه وسلم said when he spoke was, ‘O people, spread Salam, and feed the food and pray at night when others are sleeping, you will enter Jannah in peace.’” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

 

The Virtues of Saying Salam:

 

Narrated Abu Umamah رضي الله تعالى عنه that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Those who are nearest to Allah are they who are first to give a salutation.” [Sunan Abu Dawud]

 

Narrated Al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Azib رضي الله تعالى عنه that the Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم said, “If two Muslims meet, shake hands, praise Allah, and ask Him for forgiveness, they will be forgiven.” [Sunan Abu Dawud]

 

A man came to the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم and said, “As-Salamu `Alaykum”. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم returned the greeting, and after the man sat down he said, “Ten.” Another man came and said, “As-Salamu `Alaykum wa Rahmatullah, O Allah’s Messenger.” The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم returned the greeting, and after the man sat down he said, “Twenty.” Then another man came and said, “As-Salamu `Alaykum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh.” The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم returned the greeting, and after the man sat down he said, “Thirty.” [Musnad Imam Ahmad , Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan At-Tirmidhi,Sunan An-Nasa'i and Al-Bazzar]

 

The Miser:

 

Abu Hurairah رضي الله تعالى عنه said, “The most miserly of all people is one who is miserly with greetings. The weakest of all people is a person who is weak in [making] du’a (supplication prayer).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]

 

2) Accepting one’s Invitation for a Feast:

 

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar رضي الله تعالى عنه that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “He who does not accept an invitation which he receives has disobeyed Allah and His Apostle of, and he who enters without invitation enters as a thief and goes out as a raider.”[Sunan Abu Dawud]

 

Ibn Umar رضي الله تعالى عنه reported Allah’s Apostle صلى الله عليه وسلم as saying: When any one of you invites his brother, he (the latter) should accept his wedding feast, or any other like it.[Sahih Muslim]

 

3) Giving Counsel:

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالى says, “The believers are brothers,” (49:10),and the Almighty said, reporting about Nuh عليه سلام , “I am giving you good counsel,” (7:62) and about Hud عليه سلام, “I am a faithful counsellor to you.” (7:68)Abu Ruqayya Tamim ibn Aws ad-Dari رضي الله تعالى عنه reported the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, said, “The deen is good counsel.” We said, “For whom?” He said, “For Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the Imams of the Muslims and their common people.”

 

Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah رضي الله تعالى عنهsaid, “I gave allegiance to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, on the basis of performing the prayer, paying the zakat and giving good counsel to every Muslim.”

 

Anas رضي الله تعالى عنه reported that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “None of you can truly be said to believe until he wants for his brother what he wants for himself.”[Chapter 22, On Good Counsel, Riyad us-Saliheen]

 

4) Replying to one’s Sneeze:

 

Al Baraa’ ibn ‘Azib رضي الله تعالى عنه narrated that, “Allah’s Apostle صلى الله عليه وسلم ordered us to do seven things and forbade us to do other seven. He ordered us: to follow the funeral procession, to visit the sick, to accept invitations, to help the oppressed, to fulfill the oaths, to return the greeting and to reply to the one who sneezes (saying, “May Allah be merciful on you,” provided the one who sneezes says, “All the praises are for Allah,”). He forbade us to use silver utensils and dishes and to wear golden rings, silk (clothes), Dibaj (pure silk cloth), Qissi and Istabraq (two kinds of silk cloths).” [Sahih al-Bukhari] 

 

 The reason why one should reply to an AlhamduLilah:

 

Anas bin Malik رضي الله تعالى عنه narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Allah likes sneezing and dislikes yawning, so if someone sneezes and then praises Allah, then it is obligatory on every Muslim who heard him, to say: May Allah be merciful to you (Yarhamuk Allah). But as regards yawning, it is from Satan, so one must try one’s best to stop it, if one says ‘Ha’ when yawning, Satan will laugh at him.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]

 

Imam Malik رحمه الله تعالى related to me from Nafi’ that when Abdullah ibn Umar رضي الله تعالى عنه sneezed and someone said to him, “May Allah have mercy on you,” (Yarhamuk Allah), he said, “May Allah have mercy on us and you, and forgive us and you.” (Yarhamuk Allah wa Yaghfirlana Walakum). [Muwatta’ Imam Malik]

 

5) Visiting the Sick:

 

On the Day of Judgement Allah سبحانه و تعالى will say,“O son of Adam, I fell ill and you visited Me not. He will say: O Lord, and how should I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds? He will say: Did you not know that My servant So-and-so had fallen ill and you visited him not? Did you not know that had you visited him you would have found Me with him? O son of Adam, I asked you for food and you fed Me not. He will say: O Lord, and how should I feed You when You are the Lord of the worlds? He will say: Did you not know that My servant So-and-so asked you for food and you fed him not? Did you not know that had you fed him you would surely have found that (the reward for doing so) with Me? O son of Adam, I asked you to give Me to drink and you gave Me not to drink. He will say: O Lord, how should I give You to drink whin You are the Lord of the worlds? He will say: My servant So-and-so asked you to give him to drink and you gave him not to drink. Had you given him to drink you would have surely found that with Me.” [Hadith Qudsi # 18]

 

‘Aishah رضي الله تعالى عنها narrated that, “If someone fell sick, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would pass his beloved hand over the sick person saying the following prayer: ‘O Allah! Lord of mankind, take away the suffering, bring about recovery, only your cure takes away illnesses’.”[Muttafiq ‘Alayh]

 

6) Following the Funeral:

 

Abu Hurairah رضي الله تعالى عنه, reported that Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “He who attends the funeral till the Prayer is offered for (the dead), for him is the reward of one qirat, and he who attends (and stays) till he is buried, for him is the reward of two qirats.” It was asked: What are the qirats? He said, “They are equivalent to two huge mountains.” [Sahih Muslim]

 

Thawban رضي الله تعالى عنه, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم reported Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “He who offered the Prayer for the dead, for him is the reward of one qirat, and he who attended its burial, he would have two qirats as his reward. And the qirat is equivalent to Uhud.” [Sahih Muslim]

 

الحمد اللهْ

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